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Just how big are miniature cattle?!

Miniature Cattle are great for a small farm, ranch, or homestead. They can be a third to a half the size of standard cattle, therefore requiring less acreage and feed to care for. I recommend that one miniature cow have 1 of grass to forage and be offered good quality hay in the winter. 

Miniature Highlands are a favorite at SWR. They are known to be a hardy breed of cattle that can withstand very cold temperatures in the winter. Even with all that hair, they can also handle hot temperatures in the summer if provided adequate shade and water. 

Most importantly, they tend to be a docile and calm breed, particularly if you spend time with them and handle them. They can make wonderful outdoor companions, show cattle, or home-grown beef. 

SIZE 

Although some people believe miniature cattle are only the size of a large dog, that is usually unlikely for most breeds. Mature size of these cattle varies but is usually measured at 3 years of age. Highlands can be a slow growing breed and can continue to grow until they are 4 or 5 years old.


There are a few different charts to determine heights for miniature cattle. I refer to the Frame Score system of measurement developed in the 1970's at the University of Missouri under Dr. John Massey and G.B. Thompson. According to this, measurements should be taken across the topline (Back) at the area of the hip. You can see the images as a reference.  


 Micro miniatures are rare in the highland breed but will stay around 36 inches or shorter on the topline at the hip.  Often these cattle will be  chondroplasia positive. Miniature cattle will be 36 to 42.3 inches for heifers and 45 inches for bulls. Small framed or midsized miniatures will be 44- 48 inches for heifer and 44-51 inches for a bull. 

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